F A Q
1. Close-p EWC
2. EURO- and legal speak
3. Acronyms & Abbreviations
First meeting of 24 delegates from 19 countries: 1977 in Berlin.
First Statutes adopted in 1985, most recently modified in 2001.
A President was elected for the first time in 1989; first election of a Board and designation of a General Secretary in 1991.
Associate membership of IFRRO since 1991, member of EFAH/FEAP since 1997;
NGO status at the European Commission, WIPO, UNESCO.
Financially supported by the European Commission (DG X, Education & Culture) since 1997.
The EWC is concerned with the literatures of Europe – South and North, East and West: poetry, fiction and non-fiction, juvenile and children’s literature, drama, screenplay, multimedia works and translation of all forms of literary works.
The main topics of current and continuous concern are
a) the freedom of expression and freedom of information
b) the improvement of authors’ moral rights and harmonisation of copyright throughout Europe – in particular in the Mediterranean area and in Central Eastern Europe where authors still have to struggle hard in order to keep up with the challenges of the market economy
c) the protection of intellectual property and artistic authenticity, the safeguarding of authors’ economic interests and contractual rights in the information society,
d) the maintenance of cultural diversity against the dominance of globalisation
e) the introduction of an authors’ and artists’ communal right (ACR) for example in the framework of a co-operation project PHOENIX: “Poets, artists and the cultural Heritage Organizing an Economic Network in support of Innovative creators & cultural eXchange”
f) cultural networking, international co-operation and cultural exchange
g) the general improvement of the professional, legal and social situation of authors. Fifty writers’ organisations in 27 European countries together with the members of the Board (coming from seven different countries) and the General Secretariat are making up the EWC / European Writers’ Congress. We remain determined to raise and publicly present the commitment of more than 50.000 professional writers and literary translators to the shaping of Europe via individual creativity and common elements of cultural policy within the diversity of expressions. Main topics of current and continuous concern
EURO- and legal speak
a) acquis communautaire: the full set of EU legislation of slaappillen kopen (more than 80.000 pages) that has been passed since the “European Economic Community” was created in 1957 – including all of the Union’s founding treaties and all the EU directives, regulations, etc.
b) CoRePer: abbreviation of “Comité des représentants permanents”, i.e. the formal meeting of ambassadors and/or deputy ambassadors of the EU member states plus their national experts on the different subjects;
this is where, depending on the matter and negotiating strategies, the changing alliances among national governments are built at the European level – in a blend of technical and political expertise plus personal impact.
c) directive: Legislation agreed at the European level (see co-decision), that has to be transposed into national law and implemented by each EU member state’s government.
EU regulations are directly applicable in all member states.
Less binding: EU opinions and recommendations.
d) Directorate General/DG: Department of the European Commission – for example “Education & Culture”, “Competition” or “Internal Market”.
e) qualified majority voting: Under this rule, as opposed to unanimity, European legislation has to be approved by member states’ governments representing at least 71% of the EU’s population.The fifteen member states have a total of 87 votes; to reach the 71% threshold, at least 62 “pro”s are required
f) co-decision: In a great number of political areas (for example internal market, social policy, consumer protection), draft European legislation (see directive) tabled by the Commission cannot be enacted without the formal approval of both the Members of the European Parliament and the Council of Ministers.
In the co-decision procedure there are two readings in each institution, and the final version, including the agreed amendments, must be approved by both. In case of serious differences and if a small conciliation committee fails to overcome them, the European Parliament ultimately has the power to reject the draft legislation.
g) The Troika: is made up of (the representative of) the country which currently holds the EU presidency plus its immediate predecessor and successor.
Good to know what they are talking about …
Acronyms & Abbreviations
ACR Authors’ Communal Right
ALCS Authors’ Licensing & Collecting Society (UK)
CEATL Conseil européen des associations de traducteurs littéraires
CEEC Central and Eastern European Countries
CIS Community of Independent States (~ former USSR)
CIS Common Information Standard (for management of rights)
CISAC Conseil international des sociétés des auteurs & compositeurs
DPP Domaine public payant
DG EAC Directorate General “Education and Culture” of the EC
EBF European Booksellers’ Federation
EBLIDA European Bureau of Libraries,
Documentation Centres & Archives
EBU European Broadcasting Union
EC European Commission
EFAH / FEAP European Forum for the Arts and Heritage /
Forum européen pour les arts et le patrimoine
EFJ / IFJ European / International Federation of Journalists
EU European Union
EVA European Visual Artists
FEP / FEE Federation of European Publishers /
Fédération des éditeurs européens
FERA / AIDAA Fédération européenne des réalisateurs de l’audiovisuel / Association internationale des directeurs et des auteurs de l’audiovisuel
FIA Fédération internationale des artistes
FIM Fédération internationale des musiciens
GATT General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade
GATS General Agreement on Tariffs in Services
DG Directorate General
IFRRO International Federation of
Reproduction Rights Organisations
INTERGU International Copyright Society
(Internationale Gesellschaft für Urheberrecht)
IPA International Publishers’ Association
MAI / AMI Multilateral Agreement on Investments
MEI International Union of employees in the Media & Entertainment Industries
MEP Member of the European Parliament
NBA National Book Agreement (UK)
NGO Non Governmental Organisation
NTFTM New Transatlantic Free Trade Market
NTM New Transatlantic Marketplace
OECD Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development
PAWA Pan African Writers’ Association
PLR Public Lending Right
STM Scientific, technical & medical (books/publishers)
TBC Transatlantic Business Cooperation
TEP Transatlantic Economic Partnership
TRIPs Trade related aspects of intellectual property rights
UNESCO United Nations’ Education, Science & Culture Organisation
WIPO / OMPI World Intellectual Property Organisation /
Organisation mondiale de la propriété intellectuelle
WTO / OMC World Trade Organisation /
Organisation mondiale du commerce